Government audits to reduce fund leakage in jobs program
Location: Bihar, India
Client: Government of Bihar (Rural Development Department)
Sectors: Governance, Labor
IDinsight service: Diagnostic study, policy design support
Villagers dig and transport dirt to prevent seasonal flooding of a school in Nalanda District, Bihar
The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) guarantees 100 days per year of unskilled manual labor at a minimum wage to any rural household that requests work, and is the largest pay-for-work program in the world: last year, it provided 2.2 billion person-days of work to 50 million households.
MGNREGA Divas is a special initiative in Bihar in which district administrations send independent teams to 10-20 villages every Wednesday to audit MGNREGA implementation. The audit reports are used to recover funds that have been fraudulently spent, and more broadly are helpful indicators for administrators about the quality of MGNREGA implementation in their district.
The Government of Bihar’s Rural Development Department (RDD) requested IGC, IDinsight’s partner for this evaluation, to conduct a rapid evaluation of MGNREGA Divas. IDinsight and IGC are measuring implementation quality using quantitative and qualitative methods, and will report findings to RDD leadership with a focus on identifying specific interventions to improve MGNREGA Divas.